Sago Cultivation Techniques

Sago Cultivation Techniques
Sago Cultivation Techniques
A. Other Names of Plant Sago
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Sago (Metroxylon sp.) Presumably originated from Maluku and Irian. Hinggasaat there is no data that revealed since the beginning when saguini known. In the eastern part of Indonesia, sago since lamadipergunakan as a staple food by the majority of the population especially on Maluku and Irian Jaya. Technology exploitation, cultivation of sago palm danpengolahan most advanced currently is in Malaysia.
Sago plants known as Kirai in West Java, bulung, kresula, fur, rembulung, or resula in Central Java; lapia or Napia in Ambon; tumba in Gorontalo; Pogalu or Tabaro in Toraja; rambiam or rabbi dikepulauan Aru. Sago palms into the Order Spadicflorae, FamiliPalmae. In the Indo-Pacific region there are 5 genera (genus) Palmae yangzat the flour has been used, namely Metroxylon, Arenga, Corypha, Euqeissona, and Caryota. The genus is widely known is Metroxylondan Arenga, because the content is quite high acinya.
Sago from genusMetroxylon, broadly classified into two, namely: yangberbunga or fruit twice (Pleonanthic) and flowering or berbuahsekali (Hapaxanthic) which has an important economic value, karenakandungan more carbohydrate. This group consists of 5varietas important are:
a. Metroxylon sagus, Rottbol or sago Molat
b. Metroxylon rumphii, Martius or sago Tuni.
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c. Metroxylon rumphii, Sylvestre varieties Martius Martius or sago ihur
d. Metroxylon rumphii, Martius Martius or sago varieties Longispinum Makanaru
e. Metroxylon rumphii, Martius Martius or sago varieties Microcanthum Rattan
Of the five varieties, which have important economic significance is ihur, Tuni, and Molat.
Sago has the role of social, economic and cultural diPropinsi Papua quite important because it is the staple food for masyarakatterutama who live in coastal areas. Sago plantation in Papuacukup extensive, but the total area is not known. Berdasarkandata research and agriculture can be estimated luashutan floating sago in Papua reach 980,000 ha and 14,000 ha of sago plantation, yangtersebar in several areas, namely Salawati, Teminabuan, Bintuni, Mimika, Merauke, Wasior, Serui, Waropen, Membramo, Sarmi and Sentani.
Sago cultivation centers in the world is Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, yangdiperkirakan cultivation planting area reached 114,000 ha dan20.000 ha wide. While the extensive planting of sago as a wild plant in Indonesia are Irian Jaya, Maluku, Riau, Central Sulawesi danKalimantan.
B. Terms Growing
Total rainfall optimalbagi sago growth between 2000-4000 mm / year, which tersebarmerata throughout the year. Sago can grow to a height of 700
KAISARBET.COM AGEN BOLA TERPERCAYA PIALA DUNIA 2014mdi above sea level (asl), but the best sago production ditemukansampai altitude of 400 m above sea level. Optimal temperature for growth saguberkisar between 24.50 - 29oC and a minimum temperature of 15oC, with kelembabannisbi 90%. Sago can grow well in the 100 LS - 150 90 -180 Darajat LU and BT, which receives sunlight throughout tahun.Sagu energy can be grown in areas with air relative humidity 40%. Humidity are optimal for growth is 60%.

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